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Working with Magento using Command Line

  • Working with Magento using Command Line

    At times it becomes necessary to access Magento system outside the Magento. It can be done using PHP shell script that bootstraps Magento. There are number of such scripts comes with Magento package to run some functionalities outside Magento. Those functionalities are listed below. 

    Re-indexing Magento through the command line

    You might need to re-index Magento via the command line. This could be for a whole host of reasons, for example, if the indexer is getting timed out or not finishing through the web interface. Magento includes an indexing script and you can find it in the shell folder and have a number of commands at your disposal. Re-indexing shell commands as follows,

    1. Checking for the status of all indexes: php indexer.php --status

    Output

    Magento-root-path\shell>php indexer.php --status
    Product Attributes:                 	Pending
    Product Prices:                     	Pending
    Catalog URL Rewrites:              Pending
    Category Products:                  	Pending
    Catalog Search Index:               	Pending
    Stock Status:                       	        Pending
    Tag Aggregation Data:               Pending
    

    2. To get all index keys: php indexer.php –info

    Output 

    Magento-root-path\shell>php indexer.php --info
    catalog_product_attribute     	Product Attributes
    catalog_product_price         	Product Prices
    catalog_url                   		Catalog URL Rewrites
    catalog_category_product      	Category Products
    catalogsearch_fulltext        		Catalog Search Index
    cataloginventory_stock        	Stock Status
    tag_summary                   		Tag Aggregation Data
    
    

    3. Re-indexing a single index: php indexer.php --reindex [Index Option Code]

    Output 

    Magento-root-path\shell>php indexer.php --reindex catalogsearch_fulltext
    Catalog Search Index index was rebuilt successfully

    4. Re-indexing a multiple indices: php indexer.php --reindex [Index Option Code 1, Index Option Code 2, Index Option Code 3]

    Output

    Magento-root-path\shell>php indexer.php --reindex catalog_product_attribute,catalog_product_price,catalog_url
    Product Attributes index was rebuilt successfully
    Product Prices index was rebuilt successfully
    Catalog URL Rewrites index was rebuilt successfully
    
    

    5. Re-index all indices: php indexer.php --reindexall

    Output 

    Magento-root-path\shell>php indexer.php --reindexall
    Product Attributes index was rebuilt successfully
    Product Prices index was rebuilt successfully
    Catalog URL Rewrites index was rebuilt successfully
    Category Products index was rebuilt successfully
    Catalog Search Index index was rebuilt successfully
    Stock Status index was rebuilt successfully
    Tag Aggregation Data index was rebuilt successfully
    
    

    Run Magento Compiler through command line

    Sometimes it is needed to urgently disable and clear Magento compiler, e.g. after installation or some 3rd party Magento module.  Magento always recommended disabling it before any module installation. You can easy to do it in Magento administrator panel, but what if you installed module by mistake, when compiler was active? Most likely your Magento admin panel will be not accessible. Magento ships with a command line script for interacting with the compiler. Fortunately there is a way to clear and disable Magento compiler using command shell. Compiler shell commands as follows,

    1. Compiler helps command: php -f compiler.php help

    Output 

    Magento-root-path\shell>php -f compiler.php help
    Usage:  php -f compiler.php -- [options]
      state         	Show Compilation State
      compile       	Run Compilation Process
      clear         	Disable Compiler include path and Remove compiled files
      enable        	Enable Compiler include path
      disable       	Disable Compiler include path
      help          	This help
    
    

    2. Checking for the status of Compiler: php -f compiler.php state

    Output 

    Magento-root-path\shell>php -f compiler.php state
    Compiler Status:          	Disabled
    Compilation State:        	Not Compiled
    Collected Files Count:    	0
    Compiled Scopes Count:   0
    

    3. Run Compilation Process: php -f compiler.php compile

    Output 

    Magento-root-path\shell>php -f compiler.php compile
    Compilation successfully finished
    
    

    4. Enable Compiler include path: php -f compiler.php enable

    Output 

    Magento-root-path\shell>php -f compiler.php enable
    Compiler include path enabled
    
    

    5. Disable Compiler include path: php -f compiler.php disable

    Output 

    Magento-root-path\shell>php -f compiler.php disable
    Compiler include path disabled
    
    

    6. Disable include path and Remove compiled files: php -f compiler.php clear

    Output 

    Magento-root-path\shell>php -f compiler.php clear
    Compilation successfully cleared
    
    

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